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Lesson 4 第四课

  • [ Nā/Na1] surname Na
  • [ Nuó/Nuo2] surname Nuo
  • [ nǎ/na3] variant of 哪[na3]
  • [ nà/na4] that / those / then (in that case) / commonly pr. [nei4] before a classifier, esp. in Beijing
  • [ nuó/nuo2] (archaic) many / beautiful / how / old variant of 挪[nuo2]

  • [ Shū/Shu1] abbr. for 書經|书经[Shu1 jing1]
  • [ shū/shu1] book / letter / document / CL:本[ben3],冊|册[ce4],部[bu4] / to write

  • [ zhè/zhe4] this / these / (commonly pr. [zhei4] before a classifier, esp. in Beijing)

  • [ běn/ben3] root / stem / origin / source / this / the current / original / inherent / originally / classifier for books, periodicals, files etc

  • [wén xué / wen2 xue2] literature / CL:種|种[zhong3]

  • [ gōng/gong1] work / worker / skill / profession / trade / craft / labor

  • [gōng chéng / gong1 cheng2] engineering / an engineering project / project / undertaking / CL:個|个[ge4],項|项[xiang4]

  • [ nán/nan2] difficult (to...) / problem / difficulty / difficult / not good
  • [ nàn/nan4] disaster / distress / to scold

  • [ tài/tai4] highest / greatest / too (much) / very / extremely

  • [kě shì / ke3 shi4] but / however / (used for emphasis) indeed

  • [ kě/ke3] can / may / able to / to approve / to permit / to suit / (particle used for emphasis) certainly / very
  • [ kè/ke4] see 可汗[ke4 han2]

  • [gōng kè / gong1 ke4] homework / assignment / task / classwork / lesson / study / CL:門|门[men2]

  • [ gōng/gong1] meritorious deed or service / achievement / result / service / accomplishment / work (physics)

  • [ kè/ke4] subject / course / CL:門|门[men2] / class / lesson / CL:堂[tang2],節|节[jie2] / to levy / tax / form of divination

  • [ duō/duo1] many / much / often / a lot of / numerous / more / in excess / how (to what extent) / multi- / Taiwan pr. [duo2] when it means "how"

  • [wǒ men / wo3 men5] we / us / ourselves / our

  • [dà xué shēng / da4 xue2 sheng1] university student / college student

Lesson 3 第三课

  • [ nǎ/na3] how / which
  • [na / na5] (particle equivalent to 啊 after noun ending in -n)
  • [ něi/nei3] which? (interrogative, followed by classifier or numeral-classifier)

  • [ rén/ren2] man / person / people / CL:個|个[ge4],位[wei4]

  • [ hěn/hen3] (adverb of degree) / quite / very / awfully

  • [duì le / dui4 le5] Correct! / Oh, that's right, ... (when one suddenly remembers sth one wanted to mention) / Oh, by the way, ...

  • [ duì/dui4] right / correct / couple / pair / towards / at / for / to face / opposite / to treat (sb a certain way) / to match together / to adjust / to fit / to suit / to answer / to reply / classifier: couple

  • [ le/le5] (modal particle intensifying preceding clause) / (completed action marker)
  • [ liǎo/liao3] to finish / to achieve / variant of 瞭|了[liao3] / to understand clearly
  • [ liǎo/liao3] (of eyes) bright / clear-sighted / to understand clearly
  • [ liào/liao4] unofficial variant of 瞭[liao4]

  • [Fǎ guó / Fa3 guo2] France / French

  • [ fǎ/fa3] variant of 法[fa3]
  • [ Fǎ/Fa3] France / French / abbr. for 法國|法国[Fa3 guo2] / Taiwan pr. [Fa4]
  • [ fǎ/fa3] law / method / way / Buddhist teaching / Legalist
  • [ fǎ/fa3] old variant of 法[fa3] / law

  • [Měi guó / Mei3 guo2] United States / USA / US

  • [ Měi/Mei3] the Americas / abbr. for 美洲[Mei3 zhou1] / USA / abbr. for 美國|美国[Mei3 guo2]
  • [ měi/mei3] beautiful / very satisfactory / good / to beautify / to be pleased with oneself

  • [Yīng guó / Ying1 guo2] United Kingdom 聯合王國|联合王国[Lian2 he2 wang2 guo2] / United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland / abbr. for England 英格蘭|英格兰[Ying1 ge2 lan2]

  • [ Yīng/Ying1] United Kingdom / British / England / English / abbr. for 英國|英国[Ying1 guo2]
  • [ yīng/ying1] hero / outstanding / excellent / (literary) flower / blossom

  • [Zhōng guó / Zhong1 guo2] China

  • [ shuì/shui4] to persuade
  • [ shuō/shuo1] to speak / to say / to explain / to scold / to tell off / a theory (typically the last character in a compound, as in 日心說|日心说 heliocentric theory)

  • [ huì/hui4] can / to be possible / to be able to / will / to be likely to / to be sure to / to assemble / to meet / to gather / to see / union / group / association / CL:個|个[ge4] / a moment (Taiwan pr. for this sense is [hui3])
  • [ kuài/kuai4] to balance an account / accountancy / accounting

  • [yī diǎn / yi1 dian3] a bit / a little / one dot / one point

  • [yī diǎn r / yi1 dian3 r5] erhua variant of 一點|一点[yi1 dian3]

  • [ diǎn/dian3] point / dot / drop / speck / o'clock / point (in space or time) / to draw a dot / to check on a list / to choose / to order (food in a restaurant) / to touch briefly / to hint / to light / to ignite / to pour a liquid drop by drop / (old) one fifth of a two-hour watch 更[geng1] / dot stroke in Chinese characters / classifier for items

  • [ ér/er2] child / son
  • [r / r5] non-syllabic diminutive suffix / retroflex final

  • [Fǎ wén / Fa3 wen2] French language

  • [ hé/he2] old variant of 和[he2]
  • [ Hé/He2] surname He / Japanese (food, clothes etc)
  • [ hé/he2] and / together with / with / sum / union / peace / harmony / Taiwan pr. [han4] when it means "and" or "with"
  • [ hè/he4] to compose a poem in reply (to sb's poem) using the same rhyme sequence / to join in the singing / to chime in with others
  • [ hú/hu2] to complete a set in mahjong or playing cards
  • [ huó/huo2] to combine a powdery substance (flour, plaster etc) with water / Taiwan pr. [huo4]
  • [ huò/huo4] to mix (ingredients) together / to blend / classifier for rinses of clothes / classifier for boilings of medicinal herbs
  • [ hé/he2] old variant of 和[he2] / harmonious

  • [Dé guó / De2 guo2] Germany / German

  • [ Dé/De2] Germany / German / abbr. for 德國|德国[De2 guo2]
  • [ dé/de2] virtue / goodness / morality / ethics / kindness / favor / character / kind
  • [ dé/de2] variant of 德[de2]
  • [ dé/de2] variant of 德[de2]

  • [Hán guó / Han2 guo2] South Korea (Republic of Korea) / Han, one of the Seven Hero States of the Warring States 戰國七雄|战国七雄[zhan4 guo2 qi1 xiong2] / Korea from the fall of the Joseon dynasty in 1897

  • [ Hán/Han2] Han, one of the Seven Hero States of the Warring States 戰國七雄|战国七雄 / Korea from the fall of the Joseon dynasty in 1897 / Korea, esp. South Korea 大韓民國|大韩民国 / surname Han

  • [Jiā ná dà / Jia1 na2 da4] Canada / Canadian

  • [ Jiā/Jia1] abbr. for Canada 加拿大[Jia1 na2 da4] / surname Jia
  • [ jiā/jia1] to add / plus / (used after an adverb such as 不, 大, 稍 etc, and before a disyllabic verb, to indicate that the action of the verb is applied to sth or sb previously mentioned) / to apply (restrictions etc) to (sb) / to give (support, consideration etc) to (sth)

  • [ ná/na2] old variant of 拿[na2]
  • [ ná/na2] variant of 拿[na2]
  • [ ná/na2] to hold / to seize / to catch / to apprehend / to take / (used in the same way as 把[ba3]: to mark the following noun as a direct object)

  • [ dà/da4] big / huge / large / major / great / wide / deep / older (than) / oldest / eldest / greatly / very much / (dialect) father / father's elder or younger brother
  • [ dài/dai4] see 大夫[dai4 fu5]

西

  • [Mò xī gē / Mo4 xi1 ge1] Mexico

  • [ Mò/Mo4] surname Mo / abbr. for 墨西哥[Mo4 xi1 ge1], Mexico
  • [ mò/mo4] ink stick / China ink / CL:塊|块[kuai4] / corporal punishment consisting of tattooing characters on the victim's forehead

西

  • [ Xī/Xi1] the West / abbr. for Spain 西班牙[Xi1 ban1 ya2] / Spanish
  • [ xī/xi1] west

  • [Rì běn / Ri4 ben3] Japan / Japanese

  • [ Rì/Ri4] abbr. for 日本[Ri4 ben3], Japan
  • [ rì/ri4] sun / day / date, day of the month

  • [ běn/ben3] root / stem / origin / source / this / the current / original / inherent / originally / classifier for books, periodicals, files etc

西

  • [Xī bān yá / Xi1 ban1 ya2] Spain

  • [ Bān/Ban1] surname Ban
  • [ bān/ban1] team / class / squad / work shift / ranking / CL:個|个[ge4] / classifier for groups

  • [ yá/ya2] tooth / ivory / CL:顆|颗[ke1]

Lesson 2 第二课

  • [ nín/nin2] you (courteous, as opposed to informal 你[ni3])

  • [ guì/gui4] expensive / noble / precious / (honorific) your

  • [ xìng/xing4] family name / surname / CL:個|个[ge4] / to be surnamed

  • [ qǐng/qing3] to ask / to invite / please (do sth) / to treat (to a meal etc) / to request

  • [ de/de5] of / ~'s (possessive particle) / (used after an attribute) / (used to form a nominal expression) / (used at the end of a declarative sentence for emphasis)
  • [ dī/di1] see 的士[di1 shi4]
  • [ dí/di2] really and truly
  • [ dì/di4] aim / clear

  • [Yīng wén / Ying1 wen2] English (language)

  • [ Yīng/Ying1] United Kingdom / British / England / English / abbr. for 英國|英国[Ying1 guo2]
  • [ yīng/ying1] hero / outstanding / excellent / (literary) flower / blossom

  • [ Wén/Wen2] surname Wen
  • [ wén/wen2] language / culture / writing / formal / literary / gentle / (old) classifier for coins / Kangxi radical 67

  • [míng zi / ming2 zi5] name (of a person or thing) / CL:個|个[ge4]

  • [ míng/ming2] name / noun (part of speech) / place (e.g. among winners) / famous / classifier for people

  • [ zì/zi4] letter / symbol / character / word / CL:個|个[ge4] / courtesy or style name traditionally given to males aged 20 in dynastic China

  • [Zhōng wén / Zhong1 wen2] Chinese language

  • [ Zhōng/Zhong1] China / Chinese / surname Zhong
  • [ zhōng/zhong1] within / among / in / middle / center / while (doing sth) / during / (dialect) OK / all right
  • [ zhòng/zhong4] to hit (the mark) / to be hit by / to suffer / to win (a prize, a lottery)

  • [ jiào/jiao4] to shout / to call / to order / to ask / to be called / by (indicates agent in the passive mood)
  • [ jiào/jiao4] variant of 叫[jiao4]

  • [shén me / shen2 me5] what? / who? / something / anything

  • [tóng xué / tong2 xue2] to study at the same school / fellow student / classmate / CL:位[wei4],個|个[ge4]

Lesson 1 第一课

  • [ nǐ/ni3] you (informal, as opposed to courteous 您[nin2])

  • [ hǎo/hao3] good / well / proper / good to / easy to / very / so / (suffix indicating completion or readiness) / (of two people) close / on intimate terms
  • [ hào/hao4] to be fond of / to have a tendency to / to be prone to

  • [ shì/shi4] is / are / am / yes / to be
  • [ shì/shi4] variant of 是[shi4] / (used in given names)

  • [xué sheng / xue2 sheng5] student / schoolchild

  • [ xué/xue2] to learn / to study / to imitate / science / -ology

  • [ shēng/sheng1] to be born / to give birth / life / to grow / raw / uncooked / student

  • [ mǎ/ma3] see 嗎啡|吗啡, morphine
  • [ ma/ma5] (question particle for "yes-no" questions)

  • [ ne/ne5] particle indicating that a previously asked question is to be applied to the preceding word ("What about ...?", "And ...?") / particle for inquiring about location ("Where is ...?") / particle signaling a pause, to emphasize the preceding words and allow the listener time to take them on board ("ok?", "are you with me?") / (at the end of a declarative sentence) particle indicating continuation of a state or action / particle indicating strong affirmation
  • [ ní/ni2] woolen material

  • [ Yě/Ye3] surname Ye
  • [ yě/ye3] also / too / (in Classical Chinese) final particle implying affirmation

  • [ tā/ta1] he or him / (used for either sex when the sex is unknown or unimportant) / (used before sb's name for emphasis) / (used as a meaningless mock object) / other / another

  • [ bù/bu4] (negative prefix) / not / no

  • [lǎo shī / lao3 shi1] teacher / CL:個|个[ge4],位[wei4]

  • [ lǎo/lao3] prefix used before the surname of a person or a numeral indicating the order of birth of the children in a family or to indicate affection or familiarity / old (of people) / venerable (person) / experienced / of long standing / always / all the time / of the past / very / outdated / (of meat etc) tough

  • [ Shī/Shi1] surname Shi
  • [ shī/shi1] teacher / master / expert / model / army division / (old) troops / to dispatch troops