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Note: Click on each character for stroke order animation and tracing.

Lesson 1 第一课

  • [ nǐ/ni3] you (informal, as opposed to courteous 您[nin2])

  • [ hǎo/hao3] good / well / proper / good to / easy to / very / so / (suffix indicating completion or readiness) / (of two people) close / on intimate terms
  • [ hào/hao4] to be fond of / to have a tendency to / to be prone to

  • [ shì/shi4] is / are / am / yes / to be
  • [ shì/shi4] variant of 是[shi4] / (used in given names)

  • [xué sheng / xue2 sheng5] student / schoolchild

  • [ xué/xue2] to learn / to study / to imitate / science / -ology

  • [ shēng/sheng1] to be born / to give birth / life / to grow / raw / uncooked / student

  • [ mǎ/ma3] see 嗎啡|吗啡, morphine
  • [ ma/ma5] (question particle for "yes-no" questions)

  • [ ne/ne5] particle indicating that a previously asked question is to be applied to the preceding word ("What about ...?", "And ...?") / particle for inquiring about location ("Where is ...?") / particle signaling a pause, to emphasize the preceding words and allow the listener time to take them on board ("ok?", "are you with me?") / (at the end of a declarative sentence) particle indicating continuation of a state or action / particle indicating strong affirmation
  • [ ní/ni2] woolen material

  • [ Yě/Ye3] surname Ye
  • [ yě/ye3] also / too / (in Classical Chinese) final particle implying affirmation

  • [ tā/ta1] he or him / (used for either sex when the sex is unknown or unimportant) / (used before sb's name for emphasis) / (used as a meaningless mock object) / other / another

  • [ bù/bu4] (negative prefix) / not / no

  • [lǎo shī / lao3 shi1] teacher / CL:個|个[ge4],位[wei4]

  • [ lǎo/lao3] prefix used before the surname of a person or a numeral indicating the order of birth of the children in a family or to indicate affection or familiarity / old (of people) / venerable (person) / experienced / of long standing / always / all the time / of the past / very / outdated / (of meat etc) tough

  • [ Shī/Shi1] surname Shi
  • [ shī/shi1] teacher / master / expert / model / army division / (old) troops / to dispatch troops